Longwood Plantation: Natchez, Mississippi

April 3, 2014

Built in 1861, Longwood Plantation is the largest octagonal house in America, and one of the best remaining examples of Moorish Revival style architecture. This six-story, 30,000 square foot mansion was designed by Samuel Sloan of Philadelphia for wealthy planter Haller Nutt and his wife, Julia Williams Nutt. As the home neared completion, the Civil War broke out and construction halted. Haller nut died in 1864, and his wife Julia, and their eight children, continued to live in the finished first floor of the home for several years.  

Longwood remained in the Nutt family until 1968. After a brief ownership of the McAdams family in Austin, Texas, the plantation and its 94 acres were donated to Pilgrimage Garden Club of Natchez in 1970. Designated a National Historic Landmark in 1969, tours of Longwood are given daily every 30 minutes. Beginning on the finished first floor, guides share the Nutt family history as well as pieces from the permanent collection. The tour then moves to the upper levels where visitors can explore the “bones” of this architectural gem.

The completed house was to have had 32 rooms, 26 fireplaces, 115 doors, 96 columns, and a total of 30,000 square feet of living space, but only nine of the 32 rooms were finished. In the unfinished rooms you can see all the layers of construction, tools left behind by workmen, even luggage trunks that arrived for the family are still there just waiting to be opened. You can even see the framework of the sixteen-sided onion dome cupola inside. 

A system of mirrors had been designed to reflect sunlight to the many rooms of Longwood from the windows in the sixteen-sided tower atop the house. The chimney-like shape of the house was intended to funnel warm air up toward the top of the cupola, creating an updraft that escaped through windows high in the building, thus drawing fresh air into the lower floors.

Showing off unfinished and deteriorating architecture, Longwood Plantation is not your typical house museum. In this case, seeing Longwood in its entirety, helps tell the story of the Nutt family and serves as a unique metaphor for the “rise and fall of the Old South.” After touring the mansion, make sure you allow plenty of time to stroll the grounds and get lost under the oaks.

Photo: James Butters on April 14, 1936 for the Library of Congresses’ Historic American Buildings Survey

My good friend Claire Cothren, a natchezian and fellow blogger, introduced myself and a few other preservationists to Longwood Plantation several years ago and it is one of my favorite house museums to date. Spring and fall are ideal times to visit and enjoy perfect weather and pilgrimage season. Both spring and fall pilgrimage are month long celebrations of Natchez history with the crown jewels being the dozens of mostly private antebellum homes on tour for visitors.  If you love architecture and history, a visit to Longwood and Natchez is a must.

Sources: The New Southern View, Natchez Pilgrimage Tours, and National Historic Landmarks Program

Sunday funday: Americana House

August 19, 2012


The house of Americana…Natchez MS

Under the Hill Saloon

August 7, 2012

The first time I heard about the legendary Saloon in Natchez I knew I had to see it.  Who wouldn’t want to go to one of the oldest bars in a Mississippi River steamboat town?  Luckily, my friend Claire is from Natchez and an excellent tour guide.


Natchez Under the Hill 1931 courtesy of Lanny Raper

Early settlers from the north would float goods down the Mississippi River to be sold in Natchez or New Orleans.  Better prices were often offered in New Orleans, however, Natchez was the beginning of the Natchez Trace, which most all settlers would travel to go home.  Therefore many boats loaded with goods were sold in Natchez rather than continuing to New Orleans.

Natchez was a resort of sorts for these river men, and Natchez Under the Hill was their playground.  Under the Hill was essentially another town all together- it existed primarily to serve the river men coming into town to sell goods and or relax before continuing on to New Orleans or return north.  When they arrived, they knew their journey was almost over, and they often indulged in one “last fling” before entering the wilderness of the River.  Drinking, gambling, and women were readily available to indulge them.  Natchez Under the Hill area had a “rough and tumble” time during the flatboat days with thousands of people passing through each year, and the numbers increased with the arrival of steamboats.


naughty natchez

The building that now houses the Saloon has experienced a great deal of history.  The exact date of construction is unknown due to a courthouse fire, but it was most likely built in the late 1700s or early 1800s.  Historic research shows the Saloon has been used as a brothel, warehouse, general store, and bar.

The majority of Under the Hill establishments are long gone…the Saloon remains.  It has that old school, hole in the wall, dive bar quality that I love.  Lots of wood, dim lighting, loud music, and a haze of cigarette smoke (could do without the smoke but doubt that will change)…when you walk in you get all sorts of stares from the natives (a good handful look rode hard and put up wet).  If you’ve ever been to St. Simons Island, GA and gone to Murphy’s Tavern…picture that except right on the river.

Under the Hill Saloon

Today, the Saloon is a favorite watering hole of just about everyone of age in town.  According to my friend, its the cool hangout for the late 20s and early 30s crowd these days, so naturally we hung out there all weekend.  Most resort towns claim to have a big party scene, my hometown included, but going out in Natchez is no joke…the bars don’t close…at all.  The age old motto work hard, play harder could not be more true in Natchez.  Mojo Mud a band from Oxford, Mississippi provided a fun soundtrack both nights, playing everything from classic rock to Widespread Panic.

After making our way through the front room, we ventured to the back rooms.  The foosball room is first with a foosball table of course, then behind it is the dart room, and then to the right is the jungle room (my favorite).  The Saloon is full of Natchez memorabilia too making each room like a little gallery, full of old photos of days gone by.

Under the Hill Saloon

The most popular or infamous stories about the Saloon surround the current owner, JD or John David.  He is quite a character.  Just reaching over the bar, JD is the face of the Saloon each night with one other bartender, sporting a bright green bowler hat… I couldn’t help but think of him as a mischievous leprechaun trying to get everyone drunk.

Under the Hill Saloon

JD at the Saloon photo courtesy Todd Lambert

Before we got to the Saloon, everyone we were with kept saying, I wonder if JD will do “House of the Rising Sun?”  I replied, “He does karaoke?” Everyone just smiled and kind of laughed. Obviously I wasn’t in on the joke, so they filled me in.  They explained that every now and then, the Saloon owner JD, gets on the bar to sing this Doors classic.  What starts as a “normal” karaoke performance, quickly turns into a bizarre strip down sing-a-long.  He is the only one stripping (the female bartender assists him) but the crowd eats it up.  On Saturday night, he decided to do his thing….it was very interesting.  The entire bar was squeezed into the front room taking photos and videos of the occasion, JD stood on a stool by the band and performed his theme song, and his assistant bartender helped take his shirt off.  I’m sure if you looked up JD Natchez Saloon on youtube you could find at least a few videos but here you’ll have to settle for a photo.

Under the Hill SaloonIt was the perfect ending to my weekend of excess in Natchez.  The next day after a big pancake breakfast, courtesy of Claire’s mom and sister, I began my long journey back to Georgia on the Natchez Trace.


Natchez Trace

Sunday funday: Natchez

July 29, 2012


Sunday funday: Windsor Ruins

June 17, 2012

windsor ruins

Windsor Ruins

Sunday funday: Mammy’s Cupboard

June 3, 2012

mammy's cupboard

Mammy’s Cupboard, Natchez MS

Best roadside restaurant…ever

You go girls

March 9, 2012

Happy International Women’s Day!  Never heard of it?  Here’s a little backstory:

international womens day

via dailymail

International Women’s Day has been observed since in the early 1900’s, a time of great expansion and turbulence in the industrialized world that saw booming population growth and the rise of radical ideologies. For more click here.

In the spirit of this holiday, I thought I’d share an inspiring article I came across the other day.  Entitled “They Made Main Street Their Own: How Four Women Revived a Derelict Mississippi Town,” this article is about how four women in small town Mississippi, Water Valley to be exact, have changed their main street for the better.  The ladies of the article, Megan Patton, Coulter Fussell, Erin Austen Abbott and Alexe van Beuren, are part of a new group of business owners in Water Valley, Mississippi.

The town experienced steady growth in the early twentieth century and was booming by the 1920’s.  Water Valley was a central railroad center for the surrounding agricultural community.  After the railroad industry slowed down by the 1950s and the agricultural industry moved towards more of a timber focus, Water Valley, was largely left abandoned.

In recent years, the main street has gone from 18 storefront vacancies to 6, largely due to the drive of these four women.  “All are particularly skilled at renovation, having stripped and rebuilt, among them, three houses and one storefront. That their husbands are in the music business and on the road for months at a time has only accelerated their prowess with hand tools.”  They saw an opportunity to purchase affordable real-estate (houses and commercial buildings) that could be easily rehabilitated and they took it.  By doing so, Water Valley has been given a new life.

One of my favorite buildings that has been adaptively reused is the B.T.C. Old Fashioned Grocery.

B.T.C. old fashioned grocery

photo courtesy of Suzassippi’s Blogspot

It is located in a 140 year old building on main street that Ms. van Beuren and her husband rescued from a developer that was planning to raze the building.  The renovations took three years, and by May of 2010, the couple opened their old fashioned grocery.

Just another small-town grocery… where the food tastes like it used to:  is the motto of the unique grocery and cafe.  They sell locally produced as often as possible (visit their where we get our food page) and have an in house bakery and cafe.

After studying historic preservation for two years and constantly hearing about how difficult it is to get people motivated to rehabilitate versus demolition and adaptively reusing buildings, it is so refreshing and inspiring to see that it CAN be done and done well.  Gonna need to make a visit!

For more info on this story check out the NY times article.  PS if you like interior design, antiques, furniture, etc, check out the extra images in the article.  You can see snapshots of their restored homes and these ladies have excellent taste.

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